Pregnancy and gestation involves rapid cell division and organ development. Ample supply of all nutrients, namely, carbohydrates, proteins, fats and minerals, is essential to support this rapid growth. There are various factors which influence a mothers weight gain during pregnancy. These include genetics, nutrition and pregnancy-related conditions.
The delivery of an overweight or an underweight baby can pose a problem. Overweight babies find it difficult to make their way out of the birth canal and require a surgery to be delivered. They are also more inclined to battle obesity later in life. Underweight babies, due to their weak and malnourished state, cannot handle the powerful uterine contractions and, again, have to be delivered via a surgical procedure. Underweight babies also have to battle a lot of early childhood problems, such as asthma, bronchitis and other infections.
If a mother puts on excessive weight during her pregnancy, it leads to fat concentration in the buttock region which also makes a vaginal delivery difficult.
Weight gain during pregnancy depends directly on the pre-pregnancy weight of a woman, her age and food habits. Since every woman and every pregnancy is different, it is best to make individual and customized diet plans. As a general guideline, a woman who starts her pregnancy at an optimum weight should put on approximately between 7-15 kg. With the least gain in the first trimester and the maximum in the last trimester .
The 7-15 kg gained during pregnancy come from:
The baby’s weight: 3-4 kg
The placenta: 1 kg
Excess water in tissues: 1-2 kg
Breast milk: 1-2 kg
Extra blood: 1-2 kg
Amniotic fluid surrounding the baby: 1-2 kg
Weight gain during pregnancy broken down by Trimesters:
Weight Gain in First trimester : 1-3 kg
Weight Gain in Second trimester : 3-6 kg
Weight Gain in Third trimester : 3-6 kg